Septic Tank Pumping
What is a Septic Tank?
The septic tank is a buried, watertight container typically made of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene. It holds the wastewater from the house long enough to allow solids to settle out (forming sludge) and toilet paper, oil and grease to float to the surface (as scum). After the solids and scum are caught, the wastewater then travels by gravity or is pumped to a drain field, a lagoon, or other systems. Septic tanks also allow for partial decomposition of the solid materials.
Compartments and a T-shaped outlet in the septic tank prevent the sludge and scum from leaving the tank and traveling into the drain field area.
In order for the septic system to function properly, it is important to have periodic maintenance of your septic tank. The frequency depends on several factors including: size/capacity of tank, how many people use it and the volume of solids and scum in the wastewater. For example, heavy toilet paper use builds the scum layer quickly. On average, a septic tank should be cleaned every 3-4 years. Alternative systems with electrical float switches, pumps, or mechanical components need to be inspected more often, generally once a year. Proper cleaning can also prolong the life of your pumps in these alternative systems. Often there are filters that need cleaned, and it is important to have the tank checked for leaks.